An effective understanding and recall of times tables is the foundation of most of the mathematics children will complete at primary school and the 2014 National Curriculum places a huge emphasis on knowing them early.
By the end of Year 4, children are now required to know and understand the times tables facts up to 12 x 12.
Learning multiplication facts is a vital part of any child’s mathematical development. Once rapid recall of multiplication facts becomes possible, a whole host of mathematical activities will seem easier. Children need to be able to recall multiplication facts in any order and also to derive associated division facts. The National Curriculum’s expectations for each year group are set out below:
Year 1 - Count forwards and backwards in steps of 2, 5 and 10.
Year 2 - Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables up to 12x in any order.
Year 3 - Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4, and 8 multiplication tables up to 12x in any order.
Year 4 - Recall and use multiplication and division facts up to 12×12 in any order.
Year 5 and 6 - Recall and use multiplication and division facts up to 12×12 and apply knowledge to help solve decimal multiplication and division, e.g. 12x12= 144 so 12x1.2=14.4
To help with this, we have introduced The Superheroes Scheme. Going head-to-head with heroes such as Batman and Thor gives the children the chance to develop their precision and fluency whilst having fun.
Each child can prepare for mathematical battle with their nemesis each week in order to prepare for their certificated test. The superheroes and their super-skills are below:
- BATMAN- 2x, 5x, 10x (By the end of Year 2)
- HAWK-GIRL- 3x, 4x
- THOR, 7x, 8x (By the end of Year 3)
- BLACK WIDOW- 9x, 11x, 12x
- SUPERMAN- All with division (By the end of Year 4)
- CATWOMAN- All with place value- THU and tenths (By the end of Year 5)
- IRONMAN- 2 digits x 1 digit (e.g. 74 x 7)
- WONDEROWMAN- Fractions, decimals and percentages of quantities (e.g. 20% of 25, ¼ of 50) (by the end of Year 6).
To pass Hawk-Girl, Thor and Black Widow, multiplication facts from previous certificates need to be retained as they will be tested within the given time.
As well as practise within school, a list of useful websites can be found below to practise and play at home.
There are many Apple and Google Play apps available for free too. Here are some we recommend:
- 10 Minutes a Day Times Tables by DK
- Math Tables (8 Activities) by Guillaume Joly
- Maths Loops lite: Times Tables by Jaime C. Carriedo
- Multiplication Tables for Kids - Free Math Game by Multiplication Tables
- Times Tables Trainer Brain Game Universal by Andela ICT
- Times Tables Quiz! (Multiplication Trainer) by Padadaz
- Times Tables Game by WissApp
For those who like to learn through singing, below are a series of videos designed to support the children's learning of their times tables. The tables have been put to pop songs in order to help the children remember the times tables pattern.
These videos are aimed at KS2 children, but we have found the younger children really enjoy them as well. The links below are from an external site (YouTube) so at times adverts will pop up. Unfortunately, there is little we can do to prevent this.